Uganda has a housing deficit of 1.6 million housing units with 210,000 of this backlog in urban areas and 1.395 million in rural areas. According to the national housing and population census the housing situation is attributed to the high population growth rate at 3.2% and a high urbanization rate of 5.1%.
Land is a critical factor in the production of housing. The constitution of Uganda states that land belongs to the citizens within the various land tenure systems including; customary, freehold, mailo and leasehold. However, the existence of multiple, over lapping land tenure systems and the power vested in people over land has led to land conflicts, evictions and fraud in the land sector. Weak enforcement of planning laws and regulations has also resulted in haphazard development and unplanned human settlements.
UHOCU’s land and housing component focuses on creating awareness on the land rights and suitable land use methods for primary housing cooperatives. The Uganda National Land Policy (2013), the condominium law, the 1995 constitution of Uganda are all instruments that clearly spell out the land rights of men, women, children, slum dwellers and other groups. Due to limited availability of public, members of the housing cooperatives buy land from private individuals in order to establish planned housing estates for their members. The high levels of fraud and forgery of land titles, overlapping tenure systems particularly in the central region and the bureaucracy in the land offices has left some victims of land grabbing. UHOCU established the land and housing unit to support Primary housing cooperatives in land identification, land verification, title search and physical planning.
Housing is a factor of man’s habitation, environment and accessibility to clean water, sanitation and health services. Primary housing cooperatives have explored rain water harvesting to save the cost of buying water, green energy using solar, providing planned estates to ensure maximum utilization of land including on-site income generating projects to mention. Proper waste management through the recycling of both animal and human waste has boosted projects such as urban farming. This has in turn increased household incomes among low income earners.
 Uganda Bureau of Statistics, 2014